n. short, wise saying 格言；警语
The aphorism by which Sonya conducts her business is, "Time is money."
同义词：maxim; dictum; adage; precept
v. to bum with a caustic substance or with a hot iron 烧灼
To stop the bleeding, the doctor had to cauterize the artery.
n. taking part with another person in crime 共谋
Otis' complicity in hiding stolen goods for Tony made him guilty of the crime too.
同义词：conspiracy; collusion; connivance
n. agreement 一致
Japanese society prizes conformity over individuality, beating down the nail that sticks out.
* beat down
* stick out
同义词：consistency; uniformity; congruity
n. state of being old and weak 衰老；破旧
The decrepitude of the building made it more economical to tear it down and rebuild than to renovate.
n. person whose attitude is based on expectations of defeat 失败主义者
Thomas is a defeatist who never considers the possibility of success.
adj. 1. metal capable of being drawn into wire 可延展的 2. easily managed 驯良的
Copper is very ductile and can be made into very fine wires.
Ductile work beasts, such as oxen, make good plow animals.
同义词：1. plastic; malleable 2. docile
n. strangeness of behavior; strange habit 古怪；怪癖
As Geoffrey was such a nice elderly man, most people just put up with his eccentricity.
* put up with
同义词：idiosyncrasy; singularity; oddity; weirdness
n. study of insects 昆虫学
Students majoring in entomology were busy watching ants carrying bits of food in the grass.
n. study of the races of mankind 人种学
Ethnology is a branch of anthropology.
n. (study of) the origin and history of words 语源（学）
The professor explained that the etymology of the word was Greek and that it meant "stranger."
n. strength, courage in the face of danger, pain, or difficulty 坚忍；刚毅
The town dealt with the aftermath of the hurricane with moving fortitude.
同义词：perseverance; endurance; intrepidity
n. belief that pleasure is the chief good 享乐主义
Leaving the hard life of the farm, Barney headed for the hedonism of the big city.
n. freedom in action or opinion （行动或百论的）自由范围
The teacher has given us a lot of latitude in choosing how to make our presentation on ancient Greece.
v. to keep the memory of 纪念
The battle was memorialized with a huge statue of three soldiers raising the flag.
n. doctor of diseases of eyes 眼科医师
The oculists of the seventeenth century were amazed with the uses of improved glass lenses.
n. tendency to look upon the bright side of things 乐天主义；乐观
Laura's optimism was contagious, and soon the whole family believed the new business would succeed.
n. expert in the study of birds 鸟类学家
Several ornithologists were invited to the park to survey the number of rare eagles nesting there.
n. failure to respond actively 消极主义
Eddie never joined class discussions and his passivism in class kept him from learning even more.
n. nearness 接近
Our campus' proximity to downtown allows students to enjoy the cultural activities of the city.
同义词：contiguity; adjacency; vicinity
反义词：farness; remoteness; distance
adj. like a child 像小孩的；幼稚的
Paul's puerile behavior embarrassed Jennifer so much that she left the party.
同义词：childish; juvenile; naive
v. to reason 使合理化；找籍口
Tina rationalized eating three chocolate bars for lunch by promising she would go on a diet tomorrow.
同义词：justify; account for
n. wisdom 睿智；精明
My grandmother was well respected and everyone sought out Grandma's sagacity on a wide variety of topics.
同义词：insight; judiciousness; sageness
n. person who uses clever but misleading arguments 诡辩家
Angela's uncle warned her of the many sophists working in government and told her to watch herself.
v. to make a victim 使牺牲；使受害
Most rape victims are not only hurt by their attackers, but are also victimized by an unfeeling and unfair judicial system.