v. to make lower 贬低
The newspaper's constant reports on the frivolity and incompetence of women debases women's position in society.
同义词：abase； degrade; demean
v. to tear down; to destroy 拆除；破坏
The old run-down pier at the downtown waterfront will be demolished to make way for a waterside park.
反义词： construct; rebuild;restore
v. to turn away; to stray 偏离；违背
Be careful not to deviate too far from the marked hiking trails or you may get lost.
n. line across the center of a circle 直径
The little girl fell into a mining shaft with a diameter of only two feet.
adj. that can be seen through 透明的
The topmost layer of the skirt was made of a diaphanous layer of chiffon.
adj. sad; that cannot be consoled 哀伤的
The three young children were disconsolate upon hearing of the death of their mother.
n. strewing apart in different directions 分散；散布
The explosion led to the dispersion of a poisonous chemical into the atmosphere.
v. to turn or branch away from 分歧
Although we are in agreement on the earliest beginnings of human life, our theories diverge after that.
n. high praise 颂扬
Gloria asked a close friend of the family to come to the funeral to give a eulogy.
n. substitution of pleasant way of saying something blunt or unpleasant 委婉的说法
Ann used euphemisms to explain that Harry's parents had died and that he had gone insane.
adj. pleasant in sound 悦耳的
As we passed by the concert hall, we could hear euphonious melodies coming from within.
同义词：melodious; dulcet; tuneful
v. to make ill feeling; to irritate 激怒
Craig exasperated us all by constantly asking us if we had remembered to bring the tickets with us.
同义词：infuriate; enrage; provoke
v. to take out from the earth 掘出
The court allowed the research team to exhume the body of the man to do an autopsy to find the true cause of death.
同义词：unearth; dig up
反义词：bury; inter; inhume
adj. clearly and fully expressed 明确的
Martin left his roommates explicit instructions about giving his six dogs their meals while he was gone.
同义词：definite; clear-cut; precise
反义词：ambiguous; implicit; obscure; vague
adj. beyond the territory of a nation 治外法权的
Because the crime was extraterritorial, the police had no power to arrest the criminals.
adj. going beyond what is reasonable, usual or conventional 1. 过度的 2. 浪费的
The Johnsons held an extravagant affair to celebrate the announcement of their daughter's engagement.
同义词：1. excessive 2. prodigal; lavish
反义词：1. restrained 2. frugal; economical
n. exaggerated statements made for effect 夸张法
Flora used hyperboles to impress the importance of what she was saying on the children.
adj. situated in the extreme north ; very cold 极北的；酷寒的
Very few of the Taiwanese exchange students could acclimate themselves to the hyperborean winters in Wisconsin.
adj. too critical 苛求的
Constance's hypercritical remarks wounded James' pride and left him disheartened.
adj. bringing shame; dishonorable 不名誉的
The company president's ignominious arrest and conviction forced the company into bankruptcy.
同义词：disreputable; discreditable; disgraceful
v. to imprison; to shut a person up 囚禁；监禁
Immured in the castle dungeon for years, the peasant was unable to take the mental strain and finally went mad.
adj. having little or no money 贫穷的
His family being impecunious, young Frederick was forced to take two jobs to help feed his family.
n. inability to sleep 失眠
Greg's stress over his work was causing insomnia which was making him susceptible to getting sick.
adj. complicated; difficult to understand 复杂的
Gertrude admired the hard work it required to make lace with such intricate patterns.
adj. not able to be hurt 不会受伤害的
The country's possession of nuclear weapons convinced them they were invulnerable to any attack.