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每日听力: 个人电脑 改变你我的工作和生活方式

kira86 于2020-10-09发布
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Article #99 Personal Computers

第99篇 个人电脑

During the 1980s and 1990s, personal computers became very widespread. The use of the computer has changed people's lifestyles in several ways.

在20世纪80年代和90年代,个人电脑变得非常普及。电脑的使用在几个方面改变了人们的生活方式。

Before 1980, hardly anyone owned a computer. Only governments and large companies had computers. But throughout the 1980s and 1990s, computers became much cheaper, faster, and smaller, and they held much more memory. More and more people were able to afford to buy a computer. By the year 2000, computers had become very common.

1980年以前,除了政府和大公司,几乎没有人拥有电脑。但在整个20世纪80年代和90年代,电脑变得更便宜、更快、更小,而且内存更大。越来越多的人买得起电脑了。到2000年,电脑变得非常普遍。

For many people, the personal computer is used mainly for performing calculations and for word processing. For example, people can calculate their finances on the computer.

对许多人来说,个人电脑主要用于计算和文字处理。例如,人们可以在电脑上计算他们的财务状况。

They can also use the computer to type their written documents, such as essays or letters.

他们也可以用电脑输入他们的书面文件,如论文或信件。

Many people enjoy playing games on their computers. Some people like to play chess or checkers on their computer. Other people prefer games that require fast reflexes and fine co-ordination. Computer games were very simple during the early days of the 1980s.

许多人喜欢在电脑上玩游戏。有些人喜欢在电脑上下象棋或跳棋。另一些人喜欢需要快速反应和良好协调的游戏。在20世纪80年代早期,电脑游戏非常简单。

Today's computer games show detailed images and sounds.

今天的电脑游戏有详细的图像和声音。

Another very popular use of computers involves communication. Many people keep in touch with their friends and relatives by using electronic mail, or e-mail. E-mail allows people to send letters instantly to people far away. It is even possible to attach pictures to one's e-mail messages.

计算机的另一个非常流行的用途是通信。许多人通过电子邮件或电子邮件与他们的朋友和亲戚保持联系。电子邮件使人们可以立即给远方的人写信,甚至还可以在电子邮件中附上照片。

Many people also like to use their computer to gain information on the Internet. The Internet is a vast network of electronic pages where people can find information on many different topics. For example, people can read newspapers and magazines on the Internet.

许多人也喜欢用他们的电脑在互联网上获取信息。互联网是一个巨大的电子网页网络,人们可以在其中找到许多不同主题的信息。例如,人们可以在互联网上阅读报纸和杂志。

Personal computers have only existed for a short time. But for many people, those computers have quickly become a very useful part of everyday life!

个人电脑出现的时间并不长,但对许多人来说,这些电脑已经迅速成为日常生活中非常有用的一部分!

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